smooth the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solution that causes the dead skin to slough off and eventually peel off. The regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin.
The Different Types of Chemical Peels
Chemical peels are subdivided into superficial, medium, and deep peels depending on the level of skin penetration and damage. The deeper the peel, the more dramatic results one can expect from the treatment. However, deep peels are more painful, require a longer recovery period, and have a higher incidence of side effects such as pigmentary changes and scarring.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs): AHAs are naturally occurring carboxylic acids such as glycolic acid, a natural constituent of sugar cane juice, and lactic acid, found in sour milk and tomato juice. They are the mildest of the peel formulas and produce light peels for the treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation, and acne.
Alpha hydroxy acids: This peelcan also be mixed with a facial wash or cream in lesser concentrations as part of a daily skin-care regimen to improve the skin’s texture.
AHA peels may cause stinging, skin redness, mild skin irritation, dryness, and commonly require multiple treatments to reach desired results.
Glycolic acid peels: This universal peel is used to improve skin tone, texture, and overall complexion. Glycolic acid’s small molecular structure gives it the ability to travel deep into the layers of the skin.
Lactic acid: This peel is derived from either sour milk or bilberries. This peel will remove dead skin cells, and promote healthier skin.
Malic acid peel: is the type of superficial peels derived from the extracts of apples. It can open up the pores, allowing the pores to expel their sebum and reduce acne.
Tartaric acid is derived from grape extract and is capable of delivering the same benefits as the above peels.
Cosmelan MD Peel: A unique, multi-ingredient chemical treatment designed to reduce areas of skin discoloration and hyperpigmentation. This peel is the perfect choice for people with melasma or other types of stubborn pigmentation..
Beta Hydroxy Acid Peels: It is becoming common for beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) peels to be used instead of the stronger alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) peels due to BHA’s ability to get deeper into the pore than AHA. Studies show that BHA peels control oil and acne, and removes dead skin cells to a certain extent better than AHAs due to AHAs only working on the surface of the skin.
Jessner’s Peel: formerly known as the Coombe’s formula, was pioneered by Dr. Max Jessner, a German-American dermatologist. It is a combination of 14% salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol in an ethanol base. It is thought to break intracellular bridges between keratinocytes. It is very difficult to “over peel” the skin due to the mild percentages associated with the acid combination.
PCA Peel: The PCA peels uses a variety of different acid blends to effectively treat fine lines, wrinkles, breakouts, dark spots, as well as improve skin tone and texture.
Body Peel: This treatment targets surface lines and wrinkles, smooths rough skin texture, treats skin discoloration, redness, and assists in clearing acne or blemished prone skin. The PCA Skin Smoothing Body Peel is a two-step treatment.
Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) Peel: This peel renews skin by targeting melasma, sun damage, actinic keratosis, lentigo, uneven texture, and wrinkling. The strength of TCA used is based on the condition being treated.
How Much do Chemical Peels Cost
The cost of a chemical peel treatment is different for each patient and depends on the type of peel used and the number of sessions required to help you achieve your aesthetic goals. Our Master Medical Estheticians will analyze your skin during a consultation and develop a treatment plan to fit your individual needs. In this time, you will also be able to discuss the cost and the financing options available to you.
Schedule Your Consultation
If you have any questions about chemical peel treatments, any of our Master Medical Estheticians will gladly address them during a consultation. Contact our office to schedule yours today!